Grapevine strains in Subcarpathia

Taking approx. 150 vineyards in the Subcarpathian Province into account, it is probably not possible to indicate two vineyards with an identical composition of grapevine varieties grown. This is one of the reasons why they differ in colours and products. In the Subcarpathian vineyards, the hybrid grape varieties and the so-called northern varieties (varieties produced in America) predominate. The most common varieties for white wines include Hibernal, Johanniter, Bianca, Aurora, Seyval Blanc, Solaris, Muskat Odeski and first of all Jutrzenka. A particular position of the last variety is due to the fact that it was produced in the Subcarpathian region in the Golesz vineyard in Jasło by Roman Myśliwiec.

Jutrzenka is characterised by an extremely intense aroma and adding even a small amount of it affects the wine bouquet. In the general opinion, Jutrzenka should be a symbol of Polish winemaking in the future. Moreover, this variety has been popular among the grapevine growers from Czech Republic, Moravia, Slovakia and Hungary for over ten years. It can be expected that the certification would give this strain a long life and ensure a career on many wine markets.

fot. R. Mysliwiec

The red wine varieties grown in the Subcarpathia region include mainly Regent, Rondo, Leon Millot, Marechal Foch and Frontenac, as well as Cabernets Dorsa and Cortis. Just like varieties for white wines they are characterised mainly by high frost resistance. Long and - regardless of climate changes - often cold winters are a significant limitation for winemakers, which makes them use those varieties that withstand -20 ° C and more.

Of course, the original vitis vinifera varieties are also grown in some of the vineyards in Subcarpathia. In the vineyards of the Przeworsk area, e.g. Pinot Noir and Zweigelt are grown. The most popular white grapevine variety - Chardonnay - is being grown more and more frequently. More and more winemakers eagerly plant Pinot Gris, various varieties of Traminer or Veltlinner, as well as Riesling and Dornfelder. For climatic reasons, these crops are, however, at high risk and in worse years they are the first to fall victim to e.g. late slight frosts. On the other hand, better and better wines can be produced from them. Wines which, in comparison with e.g. those from Moravia, are often the equal of them.

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The Carpathian Wine Route was financed from the European Regional Development Fund as part of the Interreg V-A Poland-Slovakia 2014-2020

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