History of winemaking of the Polish-Slovak borderland

The history of Subcarpathian winemaking basically consists of two chapters. The first one was written in the Middle Ages. Numerous smaller and larger monastery vineyards delivered beverages first for liturgical purposes, and later also for everyday consumption. Few sources indicate the magnates of Grody Czerwieńskie (mainly Przemyśl) who brought grapevines and people who could produce wine from their fruit to our region.. They were to be the source of knowledge for winemakers from Subcarpathia.

Over time and with the improvement of the quality of roads, the local subcarpathian wine started to be replaced by Hungarian liquors. The wine, which was imported from the other side of the Carpathian chain, often only in the fermentation stage, matured in the Subcarpathian basements, acquiring the appropriate quality. Enologists from the 17th and 18th century from southern Poland became famous for taking care of the Hungarian wine in the local cellars with such great skills and sense that they were often employed by the Hungarians in their vineyards and cellars. Over time, the Poles also appeared among the owners of Hungarian vineyards, for example the Bilik family who owned one of the largest Hungarian vineyards - Pendits in Abaújszántó. Moreover, the highest peak in the area was called Krakó (Krakow) probably as a keepsake of the Hungarian - Polish wine route.

The second chapter of the history of the Polish-Slovak border winemaking is written in present times and its first author is Roman Myśliwiec from Jasło, who in 1984 founded the first contemporary Polish vineyard - Golesz. Over the years, many followers of Roman Myśliwiec occured throughout the country, and it is hard to say how many out of 500 Polish vineyards he had a hand in. Nowadays, there are over 150 vineyards in Subcarpathia. The smallest ones cover the area of several ares, the largest ones - several hectares. Despite the difficult climate, mainly the changeable temperatures and cold winters, the area of Subcarpathian vineyards grows every year and the quality of the produced wines is systematically improving. This fact is confirmed by the number of medals won by local winemakers at Polish and international wine competitions, who often competed with drinks produced in regions with a much longer tradition.

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The Carpathian Wine Route was financed from the European Regional Development Fund as part of the Interreg V-A Poland-Slovakia 2014-2020

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